Root Canal vs. Dental Implant
Why Is a Root Canal Required?
Significant decay, repeated dental procedures, large fillings, a chip or crack, and facial trauma might all cause the irritation, inflammation and infection to a tooth’s nerve and pulp that necessitate root canal treatment. A root canal is a procedure that is used to save an infected or badly decayed tooth. Very often there is root canal pain after procedure if it is not done corretly. Signs of root canal infection are when the nerve or pulp of the tooth is damaged, it breaks down and bacteria start to grow and multiply in the pulp chamber. Without treatment, the bacteria and other decay can cause an abscess or infection, which may result swelling around the mouth, face, neck or head; bone loss at the tooth root tip; or drainage problems into the gums or cheek.
Root Canal Procedure
The natural cavity in the tooth center, or root canal, contains the tooth’s pulp (soft area) and its nerve. During the root canal procedure, the endodontist removes the nerve and the pulp before cleaning and sealing and the tooth’s interior. Cleaning the inside of the tooth requires that an access hole be drilled into the tooth. A series of files is placed down the length of the tooth, scrubbing and scraping the sides of the root canal. As the files are worked into the tooth, the debris is washed away with water or sodium hypochlorite.
Sealing the clean tooth involves filling the interior of the tooth and inserting a compound into the root canal. The access hole is then closed with a dental filling. The last step is tooth restoration, as needed. A tooth that requires a root canal may have a large filling or a lot of decay or other weakness; a crown or other restoration may be needed to protect the tooth from breaking and to restore its chewing function.
Metal - Free Dental Implants
Ceramic dental implants, specifically known as zirconium or zirconia dental implants, are one of the newer forms of dental implants. Just like with titanium implants the use of zirconia as an implant material in medicine preceded its dental application. Zirconia has been utilized in orthopedics and other areas of medicine for over 20 years and with good success. Also called “white implants” they are tooth-colored, metal-free and very tissue compatible. They are now been used as an alternative in the dental implant procedure to titanium dental implants.
Why Zirconia Dental Implants?
Zirconia was discovered in 1789 by the German chemist M. H. Klaproth but rediscovered only in the last decades because of its unique properties. Zirconia is a very hard material and has great tensile strength. Because of its high bio-compatibility, it is used in medicine for hip replacement and in dentistry for posts, crowns, implant abutments and now dental implants. Zirconia has similar color to teeth and is bio-compatible making it an attractive and suitable material in implant dentistry especially when metal allergy, esthetics and metal in one’s body is of concern.
Zirconia dental implants are biologic and entirely hard and soft tissue-friendly, there are no allergic reactions and no sensitivity to temperature. Given that they have a tooth color-like appearance, zirconia implants have an esthetic advantage over titanium dental implant problems. Good esthetic results can also be obtained with titanium implants when ceramic posts and crowns are used, however this will significantly increase the dental implants cost. Ceramic implants cause little to no inflammation, display low plaque retention and in case there is slight gum recession or shrinkage, they do not reveal unsightly gray lines like titanium implants. Zirconia implants do not corrode and will not have any impact on taste in the mouth. Zirconia dental implants are a viable alternative for patients who are not comfortable with or are not able to tolerate metal (titanium) implants in their mouths.