What is Lymphoma?
What is Lymphoma?
Lymphoma is cancer of the lymph nodes and the lymphatic system. Lymphocytes or the type of white blood cells are affected by uncontrolled growth of abnormal white blood cells. Lymphoma is the most common causes of cancer in children and young adults. Lymphoma is often treatable and survival rates after treatment are good.
There are two main types of lymphoma, Hodgkin lymphoma and Non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Non-Hodgkin is the most comment type and accounts for 90 percent of lymphoma cases. Hodgkin lymphoma is marked by the presence of cells known as the Reed-Sternberg cells which affect different types of cells.
Signs and Symptoms:
-Ongoing fever without an infection
-Night sweats and chills
-Loss of appetite weight loss
-Fatigue and lack of energy
-Pain in lymph nodes after consuming alcohol
-Persistent coughing (Non-Hodgkin lymphoma)
-Shortness of breath (Non-Hodgkin lymphoma)
-Pain or swelling in the abdomen (Non-Hodgkin lymphoma)
Risk Factors for Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma:
Age – People aged 60 years and older or children and young adults are likely to be more affected
Sex - Some types of lymphoma are more likely to affect women and other are more likely to affect men.
Ethinicity – White Americans are more likely to develop lymphoma
Agriculutural chemicals and nuclear radiation
Immunodeficiency – People with weaker immune systems is at a higher risk.
Autoimmune disease – People with an autoimmune disease are also at a higher risk due to their immune systems attacking its own cells.
Infections – Bacterial and viral infections can increase the risk for lymphoma.
Body weight – obesity has been linked to the development of lymphoma
Risk Factors for Hodgkin Lymphoma:
Infection mononucleosis – people with mononucleosis is at risk of developing lymphoma
Age – people between the ages of 20 and 30 years or people over the age of 55 years old are at a higher risk.
Sex – more common in men
Location – most common in US, Canada, and Northern Europe
Sibling – Identical twins are at a higher risk if one twin develops the condition
Affluence – people with a higher socioeconomic status
HIV infection - viral infections can increase the risk for lymphoma.
Test and Diagnosis:
Blood Tests and Biopsies – Blood tests and biopsies can detect the presence of lymphoma. A biopsy sample of a lymph tissue can confirm the stage of the cancer.
CT or MRI Scan – can detect the location of the lymphoma
Spinal Tap – a sample of the spinal fluid to test the stage of the cancer
Chemotherapy – Aggressive drug treatment to kill cancer cells
Biologic Therapy – a drug treatment that stimulates the immune system
Antibody therapy – synthetic antibodies to combat the cancer
Radioimmunotherapy – High-powered radioactive treatment to destroy cancerous cells
Radiation therapy – used to focus on smaller areas of cancer
Stem-cell transplantation – restore bone marrow that’s been damaged
Steroids – injected for additional treatment
Surgery – to remove affected organs
It is very important to seek medical attention for any unusual signs or symptoms. An early diagnosis can lead to a successful treatment.
At Natural Horizons, a premier alternative cancer treatment center on the East Coast, we believe that effective cancer treatment involves more than addressing symptoms and tumors; we believe that physicians must also detect and eliminate the underlying cause(s) in order to better achieve a non-recurrent outcome.
Assessing each underlying cause of a patient’s cancer and eliminating each cause will make the body’s systems and biochemistry stronger and more effective at fighting the cancer.